There was an era when playing black music on the radio was nearly forbidden, but the late Morris H. Blum was not deterred. The Jewish immigrant who founded the historic Annapolis-based WANN radio station in 1947, was one of the first in Maryland to play “race music”—blues, jazz and gospel music when Annapolis was still segregated. Blum also hired an Annapolitan named Charles W. “Hoppy” Adams to be a disc jockey (DJ).
In the late 1960’s, Adams became the station’s executive vice president. While rejecting segregation, Blum allowed community members to voice their concerns on air. Now, these important parts of local history that weave the story of WANN, Blum and Adams will be permanently on display at the Smithsonian’s National Museum of American History, as a part of an exhibit called American Enterprise. The opening of the exhibit was held on July 1, 2015 in the Mars Hall of American Business.
(Courtesy National Museum of American History, American Enterprise exhibition)
Although Adams became WANN’s star radio personality, he initially worked in Annapolis at Chambers Barber Shop and drove a taxicab. Deni Henson, executive director of the Hoppy Adams Foundation recalls the story that Adams told her about how he found his way to radio. During the time of segregation, Hal Jackson was a popular black DJ who reportedly enlisted his talents at five or six D.C. area radio stations. Mr. Blum wanted to try something new at WANN with Jackson, but Jackson’s hectic schedule presented difficulties.
“It got very busy for him, so they held a contest looking for someone here in Annapolis to assist Mr. Jackson, so it would take off some of the pressure of him traveling, because he lived in D.C. They held a contest and Hoppy was asked to audition. He did it reluctantly, and they picked him,” Henson said.
Jackson ended up becoming Adams’ mentor. Afterwards, Adams worked at WANN.
“If it wasn’t for WANN, which was one of the first stations (in this area) playing black music, a lot of stars, and especially people like James Brown, would not have made it the way they did, because the DJs had to play your music. That’s how people would hear about you and buy your songs,” Henson said.
Dr. Larry Blum—the son of Morris Blum—also knew Adams. He recounted how bushels of fan mail started coming into the station, after black music first entered WANN’s airwaves, when music fans still had transistor radios. He said that when Adams began working at the station in 1953, Adams brought people together who might not otherwise have known each other.
“My father began to realize there was an underserved community. Being a minority status himself, he was fairly interested in…how to help. He gradually became more and more bonded to the people that were helping to support his business,” Larry said.
The Annapolitan explained that allowing Carl Snowden and other activists to get on the air to express themselves was a huge part of what WANN did. Larry explained that his father was equally or more concerned about public service as he was about profits.
Pleasant memories emerged, when Henson reminded that WANN started promoting “Bandstand on the Beach,” which was broadcast live and held on Sundays at the all-black Carr’s Beach in Annapolis. The major venue hosted celebrity performers like Duke Ellington, Ike & Tina Turner, James Brown and the Motown Review.
“Everyone played at the beach. They would have everywhere from 10-15,000 people on these shows. Those shows were so popular, they would hold up traffic from the beach up to [Route] 50 or 301 (on) Sundays during the summertime,” Henson said.
WANN was reportedly sold in 1997. Before the building on Bay Ridge Road was demolished about five years ago, Larry said that he removed artifacts, pictures, tapes and banners. In 2000, the Smithsonian took custody of the items. Around 2005, due to budgetary issues, the status of an exhibit was unknown. Blum recently discovered the exhibit that told the story of his father—a pioneer in race relations— and the late “Hoppy” Adams—through Smithsonian Magazine.
“We had a lot of tapes to give to the Smithsonian about this unique era…to reflect the diversity of America. That’s why we have a spot in the Smithsonian of which I am very proud,” Larry said. I went to see it (the exhibit) on Sunday… “It was a little bit of a surprise. A very pleasant one.”
To learn more about the exhibit, please visit http://americanhistory.si.edu/american-enterprise-exhibition/consumer-era/african-american-markets.